6.2.2. Maintaining the normal performance of the gland in an artificial medium

In the body, the gland is surrounded by haemolymph characterized by specific composition (pH, inorganic salts, sugars, amino acids). Bee medium (Kaatz et al., 1985, modified, as described in table 3) has successfully been used in the in vitro incubation of honey bee Dufour's glands (Katzav -Gozansky et al., 2000) to support glandular function.